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ABBREVIATIONS
Whitakers 2016 cover
International organisations are intergovernmental organisations, whose membership can only include either sovereign states or other international organisations.
Print publication date: Sep, 2017
Word count: 26,007
International Organisations
 The African Union (AU) was launched in 2002 as a successor to the amalgamated Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the African Economic...
Word count: 350
International Organisations
 The Andean Community (CAN), known as the Andean Pact until 1996, began operating formally on 21 November 1969 when its commission was...
Word count: 372
International Organisations
The Treaty establishing the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) was signed on 17 February 1989 by the heads of state of the five member states: Algeria, Libya,...
Word count: 212
International Organisations
The Arctic Council was founded in 1996 in Ottawa, Canada, and is a regional forum for socio-economic development and scientific research within the...
Word count: 261
International Organisations
 The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) was initiated by the former prime minister of Thailand, Thaksin Shinawatra, and inaugurated in June 2002.
Word count: 206
International Organisations
 The Asian-African Legal Consultative Organisation (AALCO), founded as a result of the Bandung Conference of 1955, was previously known as both...
Word count: 296
International Organisations
The Asian Development Bank (ADB), founded in 1966, is a multilateral financial institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific.
Word count: 206
International Organisations
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is an economic forum for Pacific Rim countries to discuss regional economy, cooperation, trade and...
Word count: 254
International Organisations
 The Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a geo-political and economic organisation formed in 1967 with the aim of accelerating...
Word count: 324
International Organisations
Established in November 1991, the Baltic Assembly (BA) is an international organisation for cooperation between the parliaments of Estonia, Latvia...
Word count: 197
International Organisations
 Founded in 1910, CAB International (CABI) (formerly the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau) is a non-profit organisation that provides...
Word count: 184
International Organisations
 The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was established as the Caribbean Community and Common Market in 1973 with the signing of the Treaty of...
Word count: 305
International Organisations
 The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 52 sovereign and independent states together with their associated states and dependencies.
Word count: 1,205
International Organisations
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is a multilateral grouping of 11 former Soviet republics, including nine full members; Ukraine, a...
Word count: 646
International Organisations
The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, or Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), was established on 25 May 1981.
Word count: 228
International Organisations
The Council of Europe was founded in 1949.
Word count: 424
International Organisations
The Council of the Baltic Sea States was established in 1992 with the aim of creating a regional forum to increase cooperation and coordination...
Word count: 277
International Organisations
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was founded in 1975 and came into operation in 1977.
Word count: 426
International Organisations
Since its establishment in 1991, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has become the largest financial investor in a region...
Word count: 334
International Organisations
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was founded in 1960 on the premise of free trade as a means of achieving growth and prosperity among its...
Word count: 424
International Organisations
The convention establishing the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) came into force in 1954.
Word count: 238
International Organisations
The European Space Agency (ESA) was created in 1975 by the merger of the European Space Research Organisation and the European Launcher Development...
Word count: 223
International Organisations
 
Word count: 15
International Organisations
The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is a specialised UN agency, established in 1945.
Word count: 319
International Organisations
 The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established in 1957.
Word count: 315
International Organisations
 The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) was founded with the signing oft the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation...
Word count: 215
International Organisations
Interpol was set up in 1923 to establish an international criminal records office and to harmonise extradition procedures.
Word count: 217
International Organisations
 The International Energy Agency (IAE), founded in 1974, is an autonomous agency within the framework of the Organisation for Economic...
Word count: 200
International Organisations
 The International Francophone Organisation (International Organisation of La Francophonie – IOF) is an intergovernmental...
Word count: 194
International Organisations
 The International Fund for Agriculturall Development (IFAD) began operations as a UN specialised agency in 1977.
Word count: 206
International Organisations
 The International Hydrographic Organisation (IHO) began operating in 1921 with 19 member states and headquarters in the Principality of...
Word count: 253
International Organisations
 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) was established in 1919 as an autonomous body of the League of Nations and became the UN's first...
Word count: 321
International Organisations
 Originally named the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organisation, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) was established as a...
Word count: 295
International Organisations
 The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established at the UN Monetary and Financial Conference at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in 1944.
Word count: 1,052
International Organisations
 The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) was founded in 1951 to resettle European displaced persons and refugees.
Word count: 231
International Organisations
 The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is composed of three elements – the International Committee of the Red Cross, the...
Word count: 285
International Organisations
 The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) was founded in Paris in 1865 as the International Telegraph Union and became a UN specialised...
Word count: 227
International Organisations
 The International Trade Union Confederation (TUC) was created in 2006 by the merger between the International Confederation of Free Trade...
Word count: 358
International Organisations
 The International Whaling Commission (IWC) was set up under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, signed in Washington...
Word count: 195
International Organisations
 The League of Arab States was founded in 1945 to protect the independence and sovereignty of its member states, supervise the affairs and...
Word count: 215
International Organisations
 MERCOSUR (the Southern Common Market) was created by the Treaty of Asunción, signed by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay on 26...
Word count: 375
International Organisations
The Nordic Council was established in March 1952 as an advisory body on economic and social cooperation, comprising parliamentary delegates from...
Word count: 268
International Organisations
 The leaders of Canada, Mexico and the USA signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on 17 December 1992 in their respective...
Word count: 264
International Organisations
 The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is a political and military alliance designed to provide common security for its members through...
Word count: 1,838
International Organisations
 The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) was formed in 1961 to replace the Organisation for European Economic...
Word count: 375
International Organisations
 The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) was launched in 1975 as the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe...
Word count: 372
International Organisations
 Originally founded in 1890 for largely commercial purposes, the Organisation of American States (OAS) adopted its present name and charter in...
Word count: 301
International Organisations
 The Organisation of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) was founded in 1968.
Word count: 210
International Organisations
 The Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) resulted from the Istanbul Summit Declaration and the adoption of the Bosphorus statement on 25 June...
Word count: 260
International Organisations
The Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) was established in 1969 with the purpose of promoting solidarity and cooperation between its member...
Word count: 316
International Organisations
The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was created in 1960 as a permanent intergovernmental organisation with the principal...
Word count: 221
International Organisations
The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), formerly the South Pacific Forum, was established in 1971 and represents heads of governments of 16 independent and...
Word count: 287
International Organisations
 Partners in Population and Development )PPD) is an intergovernmental organisation launched at the UN International Conference on Population...
Word count: 254
International Organisations
 The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) (formerly the South Pacific Commission) was established in 1947 by Australia, France, the...
Word count: 205
International Organisations
 The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental organisation.
Word count: 230
International Organisations
 The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established in 1985 by Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal,...
Word count: 351
International Organisations
 The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was formed in 1992 by the members of its predecessor, the Southern African Development...
Word count: 189
International Organisations
 The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organisation dedicated, through signature of the UN charter, to the maintenance of...
Word count: 3,567
International Organisations
 The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) was established in 1945.
Word count: 269
International Organisations
 The United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) was established in 1966 by the UN general assembly to act as the central...
Word count: 262
International Organisations
 The Universal Postal Union (UPU) was established by the Treaty of Bern 1874, taking effect from 1875, and became a UN specialised agency in...
Word count: 263
International Organisations
 The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation (UNPO) was founded in 1991 to offer an international forum for occupied nations, indigenous...
Word count: 308
International Organisations
 The World Bank Group was founded in 1944 from the consolidation of five major development organisations and is one of the world's largest...
Word count: 519
International Organisations
 Established in 1952 as the Customs Cooperation Council, the World Customs Organisation (WCO) is an independent intergovernmental organisation...
Word count: 193
International Organisations
 The UN International Health Conference, held in 1946, established the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a UN specialised agency, with effect...
Word count: 235
International Organisations
 The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) was established in Stockholm in 1967 by the signing of the WIPO Convention, which entered...
Word count: 291
International Organisations
 The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) was established in 1950 and became a UN specialised agency in 1951, succeeding the International...
Word count: 275
International Organisations
 The World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) was officially launched in 1975 to act as an executing agency of the United Nations Development...
Word count: 240
International Organisations
 The World Trade Organisation was established on 1 January 1995 as the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
Word count: 453